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Syllabus programme

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Syllabus programme


SECTION I: INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1. Presentation. Historical foundations of Special Pathological Anatomy. Concept of the subject. Programme. Course objectives. Evaluation

 

SECTION II: INTEGUMENT

Chapter 2. Skin I. Postmortem alterations. Congenital disorders. Metabolic abnormalities (dermatosis). Circulatory disturbances. Primary and secondary macroscopic lesions, and microscopic morphological patterns.
Chapter 3. Skin II. Dermatitis caused by biological agents. Bacterial dermatitis: superficial and deep. Viral dermatitis.
Chapter 4. Skin III. Fungal dermatitis. Parasitic dermatitis. Autoimmune dermatitis. Allergic dermatitis. Endocrine Dermatitis (dermatosis). Physical and chemical dermatitis. Skin tumors.

 

SECTION III: EYE AND EAR

Chapter 5. Eye. Postmortem alterations. Developmental defects. Degenerative and inflammatory lesions of the conjunctiva and cornea. Lens luxation. Cataracts. Uveitis and retinitis. Ophthalmitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Ear. Congenital anomalies. Metabolic abnormalities. Otitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.

 

SECTION IV: LOCOMOTOR SYSTEM

Chapter 6. Muscles. Postmortem alterations. Alterations in development. Changes in fiber size. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: myositis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Tendons and tendon sheaths. Breakage. Inflammation: tendinitis, tenosynovitis, and bursitis. Injuries caused by parasites.
Chapter 7. Joints. Developmental defects. Degenerative disorders: osteoarthritis. Traumatic disorders. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: arthritis.
Chapter 8. Bones. Developmental defects. Metabolic abnormalities. Pigmentations. Inflammation: osteitis. Tumors.

 

SECTION V: HEMOLYMPHOID SYSTEM

Chapter 9. Bone Marrow. Postmortem alterations. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: myelitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Timo. Developmental defects. Metabolic abnormalities. Atrophy. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: thymitis. Tumors. Infectious bursal disease. Differences between Marek's disease and avian leukosis.
Chapter 10. Lymph nodes. Metabolic abnormalities. Pigmentations. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: lymphadenitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Tonsils. Inflammation: tonsillitis.
Chapter 11. Spleen. Postmortem alterations. Developmental defects. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: esplenitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.

 

SECTION VI: CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AND LYMPHATIC VESSELS

Chapter 12. Heart. Postmortem alterations. Developmental defects. Pericardium. Pigmentations. Alterations in the content. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: pericarditis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.
Chapter 13. Myocardiaum. Pigmentation. Metabolic abnormalities. Cardiac hypertrophy and dilation. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: myocarditis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.
Chapter 14. Endocardium. Metabolic abnormalities. Inflammation: endocarditis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Heart failure.
Chapter 15. Blood vessels. Metabolic abnormalities. Pigmentations. Aneurysms. Inflammation: arteritis and phlebitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Lymphatic vessels. Inflammation: lymphangitis.

 

SECTION VII: RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Chapter 16. Nasal cavity. Developmental defects. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: rhinitis. Inflammation of the sinuses and guttural pouch. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.
Chapter 17. Larynx and trachea. Changes by age. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: laryngitis and tracheitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Bronchi. Changing light. Inflammation: bronchitis. Injuries caused by parasites.
Chapter 18. Lung I. Postmortem disorders. Developmental defects. Pigmentations. Changes in air capacity: atelectasis and emphysema. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances.
Chapter 19. Lung II. Inflammation: pneumonia I.
Chapter 20. Lung III. Inflammation: pneumonia II.
Chapter 21. Lung IV. Injuries caused by parasites: verminosis lung. Tumors. Pleura. Changes in the content. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: pleuritis.
Chapter 22. Lung V. Tuberculosis in domestic mammals. Tuberculosis in cattle, small ruminants, pigs, carnivores and horses. Tuberculosis in birds.

 

SECTION VII: DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

Chapter 23. Oral cavity and pharynx. Postmortem alterations. Developmental defects. Metabolic abnormalities. Pigmentations. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: stomatitis and pharyngitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.
Chapter 24. Salivary glands. Inflammation: sialadenitis. Tumors. Teeth. Developmental defects. Modifications of the dental components. Caries. Pigmentations. Inflammation. Tumors.
Chapter 25. Esophagus. Postmortem alterations. Developmental defects. Metabolic abnormalities. Changes in the light. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: esophagitis. Tumors. Injuries caused by parasites. Crop or ingluvies. Obstructions. Inflammation: ingluvitis. Injuries caused by parasites.
Chapter 26. Ruminat forestomach. Postmortem alterations. Developmental defects. Changes in shape. Changes in the content. Injuries continuity. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: rumenitis, reticulitis, omasitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.
Chapter 27. Glandular stomach. Postmortem alterations. Changes in the content. Metabolic abnormalities. Ulcerations. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: gastritis, abomasitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Proventriculus and ventriculus or gizzard (glandular and muscular stomach of birds). Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation. Injuries caused by parasites.
Chapter 28. Intestine I. Postmortem disorders. Developmental defects. Alterations of the position. Alterations of light. Intestinal obstructions. Changes in the intestinal contents. Injuries continuity. Pigmentations. Intestinal emphysema. Circulatory disturbances.
Chapter 29. Intestine II. Inflammation: enteritis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.
Chapter 30. Liver I. Postmortem disorders. Developmental defects. Shifts, breaks and morphological changes. Metabolic abnormalities. Pigmentations. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: hepatitis.
Chapter 31. Liver II. Cirrhosis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Gallbladder and bile duct. Postmortem alterations. Alterations in development. Changes in light, content and continuity. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: cholecystitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.
Chapter 32. Exocrine pancreas. Postmortem alterations. Alterations in development. Changes in the light of the excretory ducts and lesions of continuity. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: pancreatitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Peritoneum. Postmortem alterations. Changes in the content. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: peritonitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.

 

SECTION VIII: URINARY SYSTEM

Chapter 33. Kidney I. Postmortem disorders. Developmental defects. Nefrohidrosis and hydronephrosis. Circulatory disturbances. Pigmentations. Metabolic abnormalities.
Chapter 34. Kidney II. Inflammation: glomerulitis, glomerulonephritis and interstitial nephritis.
Chapter 35. Kidney III. Inflammation: pyelonephritis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.
Chapter 36. Urinary Tract. Developmental defects. Acquired anatomical changes. Metabolic abnormalities. Urolithiasis. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors.

 

SECTION IX: ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

Chapter 37. Thyroid. Developmental defects. Metabolic abnormalities. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Inflammation: thyroiditis. Tumors. Parathyroid. Regressive and progressive changes. Hypoparathyroidism and hyperparathyroidism. Tumors.
Chapter 38. Pituitary. Adenohypophysis. hypopituitarism and hyperpituitarism. Inflammation. Tumors. Neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus. Adrenal and chromaffin tissue. Developmental defects. Degenerative changes. Circulatory disturbances. Hipoadrenocorticalismo and hyperadrenocorticism. Inflammation. Tumors. Endocrine pancreas. Hypofunction and hyperfunction.

 

SECTION X: REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

Chapter 39. Female genital organs. Ovary. Developmental defects. Disorders related to cyclical changes. Inflammation: oophoritis. Tumors. Uterine tube. Malformations. Inflammation: salpingitis.
Chapter 40. Uterus. Developmental defects. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: metritis, endometritis and perimetritis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Vagina and vulva. Developmental defects. Inflammation: vaginitis and vulvitis. Tumors.
Chapter 41. Mammary gland. Developmental defects. Pigmentations. Acquired changes in form. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: mastitis. Tumors.
Chapter 42. Male genital organs. Testis and epididymis. Developmental defects. Postmortem alterations. Metabolic abnormalities. Testicular atrophy. Inflammation: orchitis and epididymitis. Prostate. Hyperplasia. Inflammation: prostatitis. Tumors. Penis and prepuce. Developmental defects. Inflammation: balanitis and posthitis. Tumors.

 

 

SECTION XI: NERVOUS SYSTEM

Chapter 43. Meninges. Postmortem alterations. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation: pachymeningitis and leptomeningitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Choroid plexus and ependyma. Postmortem alterations. Metabolic abnormalities. Changes in the light of the ventricles. Circulatory disturbances. Inflammation.
Chapter 44. Brain and spinal cord I. Postmortem abnormalities. Cytopathology. Developmental defects. Pigmentations. Injury. Metabolic abnormalities. Circulatory disturbances.
Chapter 45. Brain and spinal cord II. Inflammation: encephalitis and myelitis. Injuries caused by parasites. Tumors. Peripheral nerves. Degeneration. Regeneration. Inflammation: neuritis. Tumors.


Programme of practice
Practice 1. Technical necropsy and how a necropsy report is written.
Practice 2. Necropsies.
Practice 3. Morphopathologic cases.
Practice 4. Study forfeited organs in slaughterhouse.

Copyright 2008, by the Contributing Authors. Cite/attribute Resource. Syllabus programme . (2014, September 24). Retrieved September 24, 2017, from Portal de contenidos y cursos abiertos y gratuitos de la Universidad de Murcia Web site: http://ocw.um.es/cc.-de-la-salud/special-veterinary-pathology/syllabus-programme. Esta obra se publica bajo una licencia Creative Commons License. Creative Commons License